Vaccination equally enables both genetically susceptible and resistant mice to control infection with group A streptococci.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/14628
Title:
Vaccination equally enables both genetically susceptible and resistant mice to control infection with group A streptococci.
Authors:
Siegert, Jeannette; Sastalla, Inka; Chhatwal, Gursharan Singh; Medina, Eva ( 0000-0001-9073-0223 )
Abstract:
There is substantial evidence that host genetic factors are important in determining susceptibility to infection with group A streptococci (GAS). Several studies have revealed that, similarly to humans, a genetic component may be important in determining susceptibility to GAS infection in mice. Thus, C3H/HeN mice are much more susceptible to streptococcal infection than BALB/c mice. We have determined here whether vaccination makes genetically susceptible mice as capable as genetically resistant mice to control GAS infection. Resistant BALB/c and susceptible C3H/HeN mice were immunized either systemically with heat-killed GAS or through the mucosal route with an M protein-based subunit vaccine, and challenged with live bacteria. Vaccination elicited in both mouse strains similar levels of bactericidal anti-GAS IgG antibodies and also antigen-specific mucosal IgA. Vaccination provided mice of both strains with an increased and equal capacity to express immunity against GAS as indicated by the reduced level of bacteria in the organs and the ability of vaccinated mice to survive infection. Protection in vaccinated mice was dependent on the presence of T cell-dependent bactericidal antibodies as shown by the ability of serum elicited in immunocompetent mice but not of serum elicited in T cell-deficient nu/nu mice to passively transfer anti-GAS immunity. In conclusion, the results presented here demonstrated that the presence of anti-GAS specific, T cell-dependent bactericidal antibodies elicited after vaccination overcomes the innate genetic susceptibility of C3H/HeN mice and makes both resistant and susceptible mice equally capable of controlling GAS infection.
Citation:
Microbes Infect. 2006, 8(2):347-53
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/14628
DOI:
10.1016/j.micinf.2005.06.024
PubMed ID:
16213175
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1286-4579
Appears in Collections:
publications of the research group immunology of infection (INI)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSiegert, Jeannetteen
dc.contributor.authorSastalla, Inkaen
dc.contributor.authorChhatwal, Gursharan Singhen
dc.contributor.authorMedina, Evaen
dc.date.accessioned2007-11-19T13:54:12Zen
dc.date.available2007-11-19T13:54:12Zen
dc.date.issued2006-02-01en
dc.identifier.citationMicrobes Infect. 2006, 8(2):347-53en
dc.identifier.issn1286-4579en
dc.identifier.pmid16213175en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.micinf.2005.06.024en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/14628en
dc.description.abstractThere is substantial evidence that host genetic factors are important in determining susceptibility to infection with group A streptococci (GAS). Several studies have revealed that, similarly to humans, a genetic component may be important in determining susceptibility to GAS infection in mice. Thus, C3H/HeN mice are much more susceptible to streptococcal infection than BALB/c mice. We have determined here whether vaccination makes genetically susceptible mice as capable as genetically resistant mice to control GAS infection. Resistant BALB/c and susceptible C3H/HeN mice were immunized either systemically with heat-killed GAS or through the mucosal route with an M protein-based subunit vaccine, and challenged with live bacteria. Vaccination elicited in both mouse strains similar levels of bactericidal anti-GAS IgG antibodies and also antigen-specific mucosal IgA. Vaccination provided mice of both strains with an increased and equal capacity to express immunity against GAS as indicated by the reduced level of bacteria in the organs and the ability of vaccinated mice to survive infection. Protection in vaccinated mice was dependent on the presence of T cell-dependent bactericidal antibodies as shown by the ability of serum elicited in immunocompetent mice but not of serum elicited in T cell-deficient nu/nu mice to passively transfer anti-GAS immunity. In conclusion, the results presented here demonstrated that the presence of anti-GAS specific, T cell-dependent bactericidal antibodies elicited after vaccination overcomes the innate genetic susceptibility of C3H/HeN mice and makes both resistant and susceptible mice equally capable of controlling GAS infection.en
dc.format.extent204334 bytesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleVaccination equally enables both genetically susceptible and resistant mice to control infection with group A streptococci.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYESen

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