Geodermatophilus tzadiensis sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from sand of the Saharan desert.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/299196
Title:
Geodermatophilus tzadiensis sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from sand of the Saharan desert.
Authors:
Montero-Calasanz, Maria del Carmen; Göker, Markus; Broughton, William J; Cattaneo, Arlette; Favet, Jocelyne; Pötter, Gabriele; Rohde, Manfred ( 0000-0003-0522-3580 ) ; Spröer, Cathrin; Schumann, Peter; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Gorbushina, Anna A
Abstract:
Three novel Gram-positive, aerobic, actinobacterial strains, CF5/2(T), CF5/1 and CF7/1, were isolated in 2007 during environmental screening of arid desert soil in the Sahara desert, Chad. Results from riboprinting, MALDI-TOF protein spectra and 16S rRNA sequence analysis confirmed that all three strains belonged to the same species. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA sequences with the strains' closest relatives indicated that they represented a distinct species. The three novel strains also shared a number of physiological and biochemical characteristics distinct from previously named Geodermatophilus species. The novel strains' peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid; their main phospholipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and a small amount of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were the branched-chain saturated acids iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. Galactose was detected as diagnostic sugar. Based on these chemotaxonomic results, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization between strain CF5/2(T) and the type strains of Geodermatophilus saharensis, Geodermatophilus arenarius, Geodermatophilus nigrescens, Geodermatophilus telluris and Geodermatophilus siccatus, the isolates CF5/2(T), CF5/1 and CF7/1 are proposed to represent a novel species, Geodermatophilus tzadiensis, with type strain CF5/2(T)=DSM 45416=MTCC 11411 and two reference strains, CF5/1 (DSM 45415) and CF7/1 (DSM 45420).
Affiliation:
Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Inhoffenstrasse 7B, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
Citation:
Geodermatophilus tzadiensis sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from sand of the Saharan desert. 2013, 36 (3):177-82 Syst. Appl. Microbiol.
Journal:
Systematic and applied microbiology
Issue Date:
May-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/299196
DOI:
10.1016/j.syapm.2012.12.005
PubMed ID:
23415483
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1618-0984
Appears in Collections:
publications of the central unit for microscopy (ZEIM)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMontero-Calasanz, Maria del Carmenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGöker, Markusen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBroughton, William Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCattaneo, Arletteen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFavet, Jocelyneen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPötter, Gabrieleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRohde, Manfreden_GB
dc.contributor.authorSpröer, Cathrinen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSchumann, Peteren_GB
dc.contributor.authorKlenk, Hans-Peteren_GB
dc.contributor.authorGorbushina, Anna Aen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-20T09:24:48Zen
dc.date.available2013-08-20T09:24:48Zen
dc.date.issued2013-05en
dc.identifier.citationGeodermatophilus tzadiensis sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from sand of the Saharan desert. 2013, 36 (3):177-82 Syst. Appl. Microbiol.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1618-0984en
dc.identifier.pmid23415483en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.syapm.2012.12.005en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/299196en
dc.description.abstractThree novel Gram-positive, aerobic, actinobacterial strains, CF5/2(T), CF5/1 and CF7/1, were isolated in 2007 during environmental screening of arid desert soil in the Sahara desert, Chad. Results from riboprinting, MALDI-TOF protein spectra and 16S rRNA sequence analysis confirmed that all three strains belonged to the same species. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA sequences with the strains' closest relatives indicated that they represented a distinct species. The three novel strains also shared a number of physiological and biochemical characteristics distinct from previously named Geodermatophilus species. The novel strains' peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid; their main phospholipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and a small amount of phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were the branched-chain saturated acids iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. Galactose was detected as diagnostic sugar. Based on these chemotaxonomic results, 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization between strain CF5/2(T) and the type strains of Geodermatophilus saharensis, Geodermatophilus arenarius, Geodermatophilus nigrescens, Geodermatophilus telluris and Geodermatophilus siccatus, the isolates CF5/2(T), CF5/1 and CF7/1 are proposed to represent a novel species, Geodermatophilus tzadiensis, with type strain CF5/2(T)=DSM 45416=MTCC 11411 and two reference strains, CF5/1 (DSM 45415) and CF7/1 (DSM 45420).en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Systematic and applied microbiologyen_GB
dc.titleGeodermatophilus tzadiensis sp. nov., a UV radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from sand of the Saharan desert.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentLeibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Inhoffenstrasse 7B, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalSystematic and applied microbiologyen_GB

Related articles on PubMed

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons
All Items in HZI are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.