Hepatitis C virus hypervariable region 1 variants presented on hepatitis B virus capsid-like particles induce cross-neutralizing antibodies.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/323430
Title:
Hepatitis C virus hypervariable region 1 variants presented on hepatitis B virus capsid-like particles induce cross-neutralizing antibodies.
Authors:
Lange, Milena; Fiedler, Melanie; Bankwitz, Dorothea; Osburn, William; Viazov, Sergei; Brovko, Olena; Zekri, Abdel-Rahman; Khudyakov, Yury; Nassal, Michael; Pumpens, Paul; Pietschmann, Thomas; Timm, Jörg; Roggendorf, Michael; Walker, Andreas
Abstract:
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is still a serious global health burden. Despite improved therapeutic options, a preventative vaccine would be desirable especially in undeveloped countries. Traditionally, highly conserved epitopes are targets for antibody-based prophylactic vaccines. In HCV-infected patients, however, neutralizing antibodies are primarily directed against hypervariable region I (HVRI) in the envelope protein E2. HVRI is the most variable region of HCV, and this heterogeneity contributes to viral persistence and has thus far prevented the development of an effective HVRI-based vaccine. The primary goal of an antibody-based HCV vaccine should therefore be the induction of cross-reactive HVRI antibodies. In this study we approached this problem by presenting selected cross-reactive HVRI variants in a highly symmetric repeated array on capsid-like particles (CLPs). SplitCore CLPs, a novel particulate antigen presentation system derived from the HBV core protein, were used to deliberately manipulate the orientation of HVRI and therefore enable the presentation of conserved parts of HVRI. These HVRI-CLPs induced high titers of cross-reactive antibodies, including neutralizing antibodies. The combination of only four HVRI CLPs was sufficient to induce antibodies cross-reactive with 81 of 326 (24.8%) naturally occurring HVRI peptides. Most importantly, HVRI CLPs with AS03 as an adjuvant induced antibodies with a 10-fold increase in neutralizing capability. These antibodies were able to neutralize infectious HCVcc isolates and 4 of 19 (21%) patient-derived HCVpp isolates. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the induction of at least partially cross-neutralizing antibodies is possible. This approach might be useful for the development of a prophylactic HCV vaccine and should also be adaptable to other highly variable viruses.
Citation:
Hepatitis C virus hypervariable region 1 variants presented on hepatitis B virus capsid-like particles induce cross-neutralizing antibodies. 2014, 9 (7):e102235 PLoS ONE
Journal:
PloS one
Issue Date:
2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/323430
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0102235
PubMed ID:
25014219
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1932-6203
Appears in Collections:
publications of the department experimental Virology([TC]EVIR)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLange, Milenaen
dc.contributor.authorFiedler, Melanieen
dc.contributor.authorBankwitz, Dorotheaen
dc.contributor.authorOsburn, Williamen
dc.contributor.authorViazov, Sergeien
dc.contributor.authorBrovko, Olenaen
dc.contributor.authorZekri, Abdel-Rahmanen
dc.contributor.authorKhudyakov, Yuryen
dc.contributor.authorNassal, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorPumpens, Paulen
dc.contributor.authorPietschmann, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorTimm, Jörgen
dc.contributor.authorRoggendorf, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Andreasen
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-18T13:24:25Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-18T13:24:25Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.citationHepatitis C virus hypervariable region 1 variants presented on hepatitis B virus capsid-like particles induce cross-neutralizing antibodies. 2014, 9 (7):e102235 PLoS ONEen
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203-
dc.identifier.pmid25014219-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0102235-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/323430-
dc.description.abstractHepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is still a serious global health burden. Despite improved therapeutic options, a preventative vaccine would be desirable especially in undeveloped countries. Traditionally, highly conserved epitopes are targets for antibody-based prophylactic vaccines. In HCV-infected patients, however, neutralizing antibodies are primarily directed against hypervariable region I (HVRI) in the envelope protein E2. HVRI is the most variable region of HCV, and this heterogeneity contributes to viral persistence and has thus far prevented the development of an effective HVRI-based vaccine. The primary goal of an antibody-based HCV vaccine should therefore be the induction of cross-reactive HVRI antibodies. In this study we approached this problem by presenting selected cross-reactive HVRI variants in a highly symmetric repeated array on capsid-like particles (CLPs). SplitCore CLPs, a novel particulate antigen presentation system derived from the HBV core protein, were used to deliberately manipulate the orientation of HVRI and therefore enable the presentation of conserved parts of HVRI. These HVRI-CLPs induced high titers of cross-reactive antibodies, including neutralizing antibodies. The combination of only four HVRI CLPs was sufficient to induce antibodies cross-reactive with 81 of 326 (24.8%) naturally occurring HVRI peptides. Most importantly, HVRI CLPs with AS03 as an adjuvant induced antibodies with a 10-fold increase in neutralizing capability. These antibodies were able to neutralize infectious HCVcc isolates and 4 of 19 (21%) patient-derived HCVpp isolates. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the induction of at least partially cross-neutralizing antibodies is possible. This approach might be useful for the development of a prophylactic HCV vaccine and should also be adaptable to other highly variable viruses.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PloS oneen
dc.titleHepatitis C virus hypervariable region 1 variants presented on hepatitis B virus capsid-like particles induce cross-neutralizing antibodies.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalPloS oneen
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