Loss of cortactin causes endothelial barrier dysfunction via disturbed adrenomedullin secretion and actomyosin contractility.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/617265
Title:
Loss of cortactin causes endothelial barrier dysfunction via disturbed adrenomedullin secretion and actomyosin contractility.
Authors:
García Ponce, Alexander; Citalán Madrid, Alí F; Vargas Robles, Hilda; Chánez Paredes, Sandra; Nava, Porfirio; Betanzos, Abigail; Zarbock, Alexander; Rottner, Klemens; Vestweber, Dietmar; Schnoor, Michael
Abstract:
Changes in vascular permeability occur during inflammation and the actin cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in regulating endothelial cell contacts and permeability. We demonstrated recently that the actin-binding protein cortactin regulates vascular permeability via Rap1. However, it is unknown if the actin cytoskeleton contributes to increased vascular permeability without cortactin. As we consistently observed more actin fibres in cortactin-depleted endothelial cells, we hypothesised that cortactin depletion results in increased stress fibre contractility and endothelial barrier destabilisation. Analysing the contractile machinery, we found increased ROCK1 protein levels in cortactin-depleted endothelium. Concomitantly, myosin light chain phosphorylation was increased while cofilin, mDia and ERM were unaffected. Secretion of the barrier-stabilising hormone adrenomedullin, which activates Rap1 and counteracts actomyosin contractility, was reduced in plasma from cortactin-deficient mice and in supernatants of cortactin-depleted endothelium. Importantly, adrenomedullin administration and ROCK1 inhibition reduced actomyosin contractility and rescued the effect on permeability provoked by cortactin deficiency in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest a new role for cortactin in controlling actomyosin contractility with consequences for endothelial barrier integrity.
Affiliation:
Department for Molecular Biomedicine, Center of Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV-IPN), 07360 Mexico-City, Mexico.
Citation:
Loss of cortactin causes endothelial barrier dysfunction via disturbed adrenomedullin secretion and actomyosin contractility. 2016, 6:29003 Sci Rep
Journal:
Scientific reports
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/617265
DOI:
10.1038/srep29003
PubMed ID:
27357373
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
publications of the Research group: molecular cell biology (MZBI)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Ponce, Alexanderen
dc.contributor.authorCitalán Madrid, Alí Fen
dc.contributor.authorVargas Robles, Hildaen
dc.contributor.authorChánez Paredes, Sandraen
dc.contributor.authorNava, Porfirioen
dc.contributor.authorBetanzos, Abigailen
dc.contributor.authorZarbock, Alexanderen
dc.contributor.authorRottner, Klemensen
dc.contributor.authorVestweber, Dietmaren
dc.contributor.authorSchnoor, Michaelen
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-20T14:29:29Z-
dc.date.available2016-07-20T14:29:29Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.citationLoss of cortactin causes endothelial barrier dysfunction via disturbed adrenomedullin secretion and actomyosin contractility. 2016, 6:29003 Sci Repen
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322-
dc.identifier.pmid27357373-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep29003-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/617265-
dc.description.abstractChanges in vascular permeability occur during inflammation and the actin cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in regulating endothelial cell contacts and permeability. We demonstrated recently that the actin-binding protein cortactin regulates vascular permeability via Rap1. However, it is unknown if the actin cytoskeleton contributes to increased vascular permeability without cortactin. As we consistently observed more actin fibres in cortactin-depleted endothelial cells, we hypothesised that cortactin depletion results in increased stress fibre contractility and endothelial barrier destabilisation. Analysing the contractile machinery, we found increased ROCK1 protein levels in cortactin-depleted endothelium. Concomitantly, myosin light chain phosphorylation was increased while cofilin, mDia and ERM were unaffected. Secretion of the barrier-stabilising hormone adrenomedullin, which activates Rap1 and counteracts actomyosin contractility, was reduced in plasma from cortactin-deficient mice and in supernatants of cortactin-depleted endothelium. Importantly, adrenomedullin administration and ROCK1 inhibition reduced actomyosin contractility and rescued the effect on permeability provoked by cortactin deficiency in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest a new role for cortactin in controlling actomyosin contractility with consequences for endothelial barrier integrity.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.titleLoss of cortactin causes endothelial barrier dysfunction via disturbed adrenomedullin secretion and actomyosin contractility.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment for Molecular Biomedicine, Center of Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV-IPN), 07360 Mexico-City, Mexico.en
dc.identifier.journalScientific reportsen

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