• Improved production of medium-chain-length Polyhydroxyalkanotes in glucose-based fed-batch cultivations of metabolically engineered Pseudomonas putida strains.

      Poblete-Castro, Ignacio; Rodriguez, Andre Luis; Lam, Carolyn Ming Chi; Kessler, Wolfgang; Microbial Drugs Group, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstraße 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany. (2013-10-22)
      One of the major challenges in metabolic engineering for enhanced synthesis of value-added chemicals is to design and develop new strains which can be translated into well-controlled fermentation processes using bioreactors. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of various fed-batch strategies in the performance of metabolically-engineered Pseudomonas putida strains, ∆gcd and ∆gcd-pgl, for improving production of medium-chain-length poly-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHAs) using glucose as the only carbon source. First we developed a fed-batch process which comprised an initial phase of biomass accumulation based on an exponential feeding carbon-limited strategy. For the mcl-PHA accumulation stage, three induction techniques were tested under nitrogen limitation. The substrate-pulse feeding was more efficient than the constant-feeding approach to promote the accumulation of the desirable product. Nonetheless, the most efficient approach for maximum PHA synthesis was the application of a dissolved-oxygen-stat feeding strategy (DO-stat), where P. putida ∆gcd mutant strain showed a final PHA content and specific PHA productivity of 67%, and 0.83 [g•L(-1)•h(-1)], respectively. To our knowledge this mcl-PHA titer is the highest value that has been ever reported using glucose as the solely carbon and energy source. Our results also highlighted the effect of different fed-batch strategies upon the extent of realization of the intended metabolic modification of the mutant strains.