Evidence-based decision-making in infectious diseases epidemiology, prevention and control: matching research questions to study designs and quality appraisal tools

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/620695
Title:
Evidence-based decision-making in infectious diseases epidemiology, prevention and control: matching research questions to study designs and quality appraisal tools
Authors:
Harder, Thomas; Takla, Anja; Rehfuess, Eva; Sánchez-Vivar, Alex; Matysiak-Klose, Dorothea; Eckmanns, Tim; Krause, Gérard; de Carvalho Gomes, Helena; Jansen, Andreas; Ellis, Simon; Forland, Frode; James, Roberta; Meerpohl, Joerg J; Morgan, Antony; Schünemann, Holger; Zuiderent-Jerak, Teun; Wichmann, Ole
Abstract:
Abstract Background The Project on a Framework for Rating Evidence in Public Health (PRECEPT) was initiated and is being funded by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to define a methodology for evaluating and grading evidence and strength of recommendations in the field of public health, with emphasis on infectious disease epidemiology, prevention and control. One of the first steps was to review existing quality appraisal tools (QATs) for individual research studies of various designs relevant to this area, using a question-based approach. Methods Through team discussions and expert consultations, we identified 20 relevant types of public health questions, which were grouped into six domains, i.e. characteristics of the pathogen, burden of disease, diagnosis, risk factors, intervention, and implementation of intervention. Previously published systematic reviews were used and supplemented by expert consultation to identify suitable QATs. Finally, a matrix was constructed for matching questions to study designs suitable to address them and respective QATs. Key features of each of the included QATs were then analyzed, in particular in respect to its intended use, types of questions and answers, presence/absence of a quality score, and if a validation was performed. Results In total we identified 21 QATs and 26 study designs, and matched them. Four QATs were suitable for experimental quantitative study designs, eleven for observational quantitative studies, two for qualitative studies, three for economic studies, one for diagnostic test accuracy studies, and one for animal studies. Included QATs consisted of six to 28 items. Six of the QATs had a summary quality score. Fourteen QATs had undergone at least one validation procedure. Conclusions The results of this methodological study can be used as an inventory of potentially relevant questions, appropriate study designs and QATs for researchers and authorities engaged with evidence-based decision-making in infectious disease epidemiology, prevention and control.
Citation:
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2014 May 21;14(1):69
Issue Date:
21-May-2014
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-14-69; http://hdl.handle.net/10033/620695
Type:
Journal Article
Appears in Collections:
Publications of the department of epidemiology (EPID)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHarder, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorTakla, Anjaen
dc.contributor.authorRehfuess, Evaen
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Vivar, Alexen
dc.contributor.authorMatysiak-Klose, Dorotheaen
dc.contributor.authorEckmanns, Timen
dc.contributor.authorKrause, Gérarden
dc.contributor.authorde Carvalho Gomes, Helenaen
dc.contributor.authorJansen, Andreasen
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Simonen
dc.contributor.authorForland, Frodeen
dc.contributor.authorJames, Robertaen
dc.contributor.authorMeerpohl, Joerg Jen
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Antonyen
dc.contributor.authorSchünemann, Holgeren
dc.contributor.authorZuiderent-Jerak, Teunen
dc.contributor.authorWichmann, Oleen
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-13T09:49:01Z-
dc.date.available2017-01-13T09:49:01Z-
dc.date.issued2014-05-21en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Medical Research Methodology. 2014 May 21;14(1):69en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-14-69en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/620695-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background The Project on a Framework for Rating Evidence in Public Health (PRECEPT) was initiated and is being funded by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to define a methodology for evaluating and grading evidence and strength of recommendations in the field of public health, with emphasis on infectious disease epidemiology, prevention and control. One of the first steps was to review existing quality appraisal tools (QATs) for individual research studies of various designs relevant to this area, using a question-based approach. Methods Through team discussions and expert consultations, we identified 20 relevant types of public health questions, which were grouped into six domains, i.e. characteristics of the pathogen, burden of disease, diagnosis, risk factors, intervention, and implementation of intervention. Previously published systematic reviews were used and supplemented by expert consultation to identify suitable QATs. Finally, a matrix was constructed for matching questions to study designs suitable to address them and respective QATs. Key features of each of the included QATs were then analyzed, in particular in respect to its intended use, types of questions and answers, presence/absence of a quality score, and if a validation was performed. Results In total we identified 21 QATs and 26 study designs, and matched them. Four QATs were suitable for experimental quantitative study designs, eleven for observational quantitative studies, two for qualitative studies, three for economic studies, one for diagnostic test accuracy studies, and one for animal studies. Included QATs consisted of six to 28 items. Six of the QATs had a summary quality score. Fourteen QATs had undergone at least one validation procedure. Conclusions The results of this methodological study can be used as an inventory of potentially relevant questions, appropriate study designs and QATs for researchers and authorities engaged with evidence-based decision-making in infectious disease epidemiology, prevention and control.en
dc.titleEvidence-based decision-making in infectious diseases epidemiology, prevention and control: matching research questions to study designs and quality appraisal toolsen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.language.rfc3066enen
dc.rights.holderHarder et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en
dc.date.updated2015-09-04T08:31:18Zen
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