A feasibility trial to examine the social norms approach for the prevention and reduction of licit and illicit drug use in European University and college students

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10033/621146
Title:
A feasibility trial to examine the social norms approach for the prevention and reduction of licit and illicit drug use in European University and college students
Authors:
Pischke, Claudia R; Zeeb, Hajo; van Hal, Guido; Vriesacker, Bart; McAlaney, John; Bewick, Bridgette M; Akvardar, Yildiz; Guillén-Grima, Francisco; Orosova, Olga; Salonna, Ferdinand; Kalina, Ondrej; Stock, Christiane; Helmer, Stefanie M; Mikolajczyk, Rafael T
Abstract:
Abstract Background Incorrect perceptions of high rates of peer alcohol and tobacco use are predictive of increased personal use in student populations. Correcting misperceptions by providing feedback has been shown to be an effective intervention for reducing licit drug use. It is currently unknown if social norms interventions are effective in preventing and reducing illicit drug use in European students. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design of a multi-site cluster controlled trial of a web-based social norms intervention aimed at reducing licit and preventing illicit drug use in European university students. Methods/Design An online questionnaire to assess rates of drug use will be developed and translated based on existing social norms surveys. Students from sixteen universities in seven participating European countries will be invited to complete the questionnaire. Both intervention and control sites will be chosen by convenience. In each country, the intervention site will be the university that the local principal investigator is affiliated with. We aim to recruit 1000 students per site (baseline assessment). All participants will complete the online questionnaire at baseline. Baseline data will be used to develop social norms messages that will be included in a web-based intervention. The intervention group will receive individualized social norms feedback. The website will remain online during the following 5 months. After five months, a second survey will be conducted and effects of the intervention on social norms and drug use will be measured in comparison to the control site. Discussion This project is the first cross-national European collaboration to investigate the feasibility of a social norms intervention to reduce licit and prevent illicit drug use among European university students. Final trial registration number DRKS00004375 on the ‘German Clinical Trials Register’.
Citation:
BMC Public Health. 2012 Oct 18;12(1):882
Issue Date:
18-Oct-2012
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-882; http://hdl.handle.net/10033/621146
Type:
Journal Article
Appears in Collections:
Publications of the AG (ESME)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPischke, Claudia Ren
dc.contributor.authorZeeb, Hajoen
dc.contributor.authorvan Hal, Guidoen
dc.contributor.authorVriesacker, Barten
dc.contributor.authorMcAlaney, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorBewick, Bridgette Men
dc.contributor.authorAkvardar, Yildizen
dc.contributor.authorGuillén-Grima, Franciscoen
dc.contributor.authorOrosova, Olgaen
dc.contributor.authorSalonna, Ferdinanden
dc.contributor.authorKalina, Ondrejen
dc.contributor.authorStock, Christianeen
dc.contributor.authorHelmer, Stefanie Men
dc.contributor.authorMikolajczyk, Rafael Ten
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-25T09:52:19Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-25T09:52:19Z-
dc.date.issued2012-10-18en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health. 2012 Oct 18;12(1):882en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-882en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10033/621146-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Incorrect perceptions of high rates of peer alcohol and tobacco use are predictive of increased personal use in student populations. Correcting misperceptions by providing feedback has been shown to be an effective intervention for reducing licit drug use. It is currently unknown if social norms interventions are effective in preventing and reducing illicit drug use in European students. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design of a multi-site cluster controlled trial of a web-based social norms intervention aimed at reducing licit and preventing illicit drug use in European university students. Methods/Design An online questionnaire to assess rates of drug use will be developed and translated based on existing social norms surveys. Students from sixteen universities in seven participating European countries will be invited to complete the questionnaire. Both intervention and control sites will be chosen by convenience. In each country, the intervention site will be the university that the local principal investigator is affiliated with. We aim to recruit 1000 students per site (baseline assessment). All participants will complete the online questionnaire at baseline. Baseline data will be used to develop social norms messages that will be included in a web-based intervention. The intervention group will receive individualized social norms feedback. The website will remain online during the following 5 months. After five months, a second survey will be conducted and effects of the intervention on social norms and drug use will be measured in comparison to the control site. Discussion This project is the first cross-national European collaboration to investigate the feasibility of a social norms intervention to reduce licit and prevent illicit drug use among European university students. Final trial registration number DRKS00004375 on the ‘German Clinical Trials Register’.en
dc.titleA feasibility trial to examine the social norms approach for the prevention and reduction of licit and illicit drug use in European University and college studentsen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.language.rfc3066enen
dc.rights.holderPischke et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.en
dc.date.updated2015-09-04T08:22:17Zen
All Items in HZI are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.